1. have +Object+ doing;
+Object +to do;
+Object +. done;
+Object + doing…;
+Object +. to do sth.;
+Object + doing sth.;
+Object + done;
I have a taxi waiting at the gate.
have you talking like that to your mother all the time.
have the waiter lay the table at once.=I will get the waiter
to lay the table at once.
got / had the TV set repaired, I had my leg broken
on my way home.
It is up
to you to get all of us moving.(使…开始…起来)
leave the door unlocked any more.
left the baby crying in the room.
2. so +助动词/情态动词+主语
(So + will / have/ do/ am/ can + I) ;
I will/ have / do /am/ can) ;
(Neither + will/ have/do/am/can I)
so it is
learned English for many years. So have I.
thinks that I will move to Beijing. So I will.
doesn’t know how to search for information from the Internet. Nor/ Neither
doesn’t his friend Tom.
goes in for sports and is very active. So it is with her sister
6. sometime; some time; sometimes;
7. go on doing sth.
with sth.; 停顿后，继续做同一事情
go on to
do sth; 做了一件事后，继续做另一事
go on a
go on a
going on there? （发生）
8. return sth. to sb.
the money to sb. 还钱
to some place ; 回去
back to home
into the room
The sun rises up in the east and sets
down in the west.
9. none ; no one;
10. as; when; while;
11.because; since; as; for;
have done 或must
give my love (regards/best wishes) to your parents…
remember me to… ;
hello to sb.
2. employ sb.= take on sb.
oneself in sth./doing sth
engaged in doing sth. )
your opinion of him?
What do you think of him? How do you like him?)
express/give one’s opinion on sth.对…发表看法,
opinion of sb.在每人看来
to my mind, in my eyes, as far as I am concerned)
4. It’s time for a rest.
time for us to have a rest.
time that we had a rest.
5. prefer +n.. / pron. I refer this
prefer + to do (doing ) sth
I prefer to speak/speaking loudly.
love, dislike, hate, begin, start, continue)
sb. to do sth.: I prefer you to come some other time.
advise; allow; beg; permit; forbid; ask; beg; cause; encourage; expect;
force; get; leave; hate; help; invite; would like; order; persuade; require;
request; tell; teach; want; warn; wish (hope不属于此列);
call on ; wait for)
A(doing) to B(doing) :
English to Japanese. Tom prefers swimming to skating.
to do rather than do :
preferred to watch TV rather than do his homework.
6. put sth into practice;
appreciate; admit; forgive; escape; miss; enjoy; excuse; finish; imagine;
mind; give up; suggest; regret; can’t help; keep on; put off; delay; be
worth; feel like; have difficulty/trouble in ;be busy in ; spend/waste time
in ; burst out; pay attention to; get/be used to; look forward to; lead to;
be good at; be fond of; be busy ; do some cleaning/ shopping; insist on; be
engaged in; thank/ punish/scold/praise sb. for; dream of; set about ; feel
ashamed of; be sick of; 介词有in,
after, without, against, before, by 等)
7.as a result由于……的结果;
as a result of由于……的原因
8.show sb. the basin;
show sb. the chemistry lab;
show sb. around the school;
______(show) the lab, I was taken
to visit the famous professor.
9.make sure of … ;
make sure that…
10.shut/turn off the light;
turn down the radio;
11.do some shopping/reading/washing/ sewing / walking
go shopping /swimming/ skating
12. request sth. from sb.
request sb. to carry out the
make a request
require / request/ demand + to do
require / request sb. to do sth.
(order; suggest; insist) that sb. should do.. ;
13.allow /permit /forbid sb. to do
permit /allow/forbid doing sth.
I came by r______.(我应邀而来).
15.once upon a time;
once more; once again;再来一次
all at once;
Once you are in the room, you must
keep quiet. （一旦）
He has been there once.
It’s a rather cold day.=It’s
rather a cold day.
rather too heavy;
would rather do sth than do…;
would rather sb. did sth.;
（I would rather you
rather than (He likes city life
rather than country life.);
17.put sth back;
put sth away;
穿上；换上put on a new
18.do/ make/ perform /carry out
off the gas;
条件unless; if; so
long as; once; on condition that; now that;
时间: when; as;
while; before; after; since; till/until; as soon as; the moment;
hardly…when; no sooner…than; immediately; the first/ the last time;
原因: because; since;
比较: as…as..; than;
the more…the more;
方式：as; as if/ as
目的: so that; in
so; so that; such…that ; so…that;
although; even if/ though; however; whatever; no matter how /who /what/when…
1.---Let me introduce myself, I’m
What a pleasure B.
It’s my pleasure
Pleased to meet you D.
I’m very pleased
2. Thirty years after being _______ to Macaulay’s words,
they still seem to me the best yardstick(
A. referred B.
shown C. brought D. introduced
3. We have worked out the plan and now we must put it
into _______ .
A. face B.
reality C. practice D. deed
4. In order to look after her sick daughter, the old lady
asked for a month’s _______ .
A. holiday B.
vacation C. leave D. rest
5. As you know, whether the person will be elected
president is matter of ______ interest.
A. general B.
common C. ordinary D. mostly
6. It is said that she _______ in a computer company
A. has employed B. has been
employed C. had employed D. is employed
7.Go on ______ the other exercise after you have finished
A. to do B.
doing C. with D. to be doing
8.He fell off his bike. ______ , he had to stay at home
for several days.
A. In a word B. In
other words C. As a result D. Once in a while
9. In my_____, Linda is a good
A. idea B.
thought C. opinion D. mind
10. ---Smith has made great progress
---_____ , and ____.
So he has; so you have B.
So he has; so have you
So has he; so have you D.
So has he; so you have
11.---It was careless of you to have left your clothes
outside all night.
--- My God! ___________ .
A. So did I B. So I
did C. So were you D. So did you
12.---Do you know David quarreled with his brother?
--- I don’t know.
Nor don’t I care B.
Nor do I care
I don’t care neither D.
I don’t care also
----Thank you. I certainly will.
Happy birthday to you B.
Let me help you with your maths
Please remember me to your mum D.
Don’t forget to post the letter
14. Rather than ______ on a crowded bus, he always
prefers ______ a bicycle.
A. ride; ride B.
to ride D. to ride; riding
15. --- Do you think the Stars will beat the Bulls?
---Yes. They have better players,
so I _______ them to win.
A. hope B.
prefer C. expect D. want
16. ---I haven’t heard from Henry for a long time.
---What do you suppose _____ to
A. was happening B. to
happen C. has happened D. had happened
17. He seems to ___ Jane. He knows her well.
A. be introduced to B. be introducing to
introduce D. have been introduced to
18. ---Brown won the first prize in
the sports meet.
A. So he did B. So
did he C. So he did, too D. So did he, too
19.In the _____ of most students, the meeting is very
A. idea B.
look C. opinion D. thought
20.---By the way, Betty sends her best wishes to you.
A. Thank you B. It’s
great C. That’s nice of her D. All right
21.After introducing the speaker, the chairman went on
______ details of the meeting.
A. giving B. to
give C. with D. to
22.The visiting professor ______ giving lectures to
students ____ invited to meetings at times.
A. preferred; to
being B. preferred; rather than
C. preferred; than
being D. preferred to; to being
23.---Do you remember _____ he came?
---Yes, I do. He came by car.
A. how B.
when C. where D. if
24. Mary does _____ in speaking
English every day.
a lot of practices
many more practice D.
a number of practice
25.I think you’d better ______ your spare time better.
A. employ B.
hire C. take D. share
26. _______ you have made a promise, you should carry it
A. Until B.
Once C. For D. As soon as
27.You will be late ____you leave
A. unless B.
until C. if D. or
28.Because of the accident, the road
was _______ to traffic.
A. shut B.
closed C. turned off D. ended
29.Those oranges taste _________ .
A. good B. well
C. to be good D. to be well
30.---Do you like the material?
--Yes, it ______ very soft.
A. is feeling B.
felt C. feels D. is felt
31.In my opinion, the room is ______ too small for three
quite B. very C. rather D. fairly
32. “Not really,” she said, “actually we are ______
bell-ringers. I mean we are assistant bell-ringers for the church”.
A. proper B. experienced C.
hopeful D. serious
33. Mum doesn’t _______ me to mix with such people.
A. let B. hope
C. allow D. think
34. When you want to work for our country in the future,
_______, we should have strong body and rich knowledge.
first B. first of all C. for the first time D. after
35.I can hardly hear the radio. Would you please ______ ?
A. turn it on B. turn it down C. turn
it up D. turn it off
36.He put the books in the box ______ the shelf.
A. instead B. instead of C. instead
of on D. instead on
37.Some people would rather ride bicycles as bicycle
riding has ______ of the trouble of taking buses.
A. nothing B. none C.
some D. neither
38. They were very tired, but ______ of them would stop
to take a rest.
A. any B. some C.
none D. neither
39.European football is played in 80 countries, ______ it
the most popular sport in the world.
A. making B. makes C.
made D. to make
40. ---I’ll be away on a business trip. Would you mind
looking after my cat?
---Not at all. ______________ .
A. I’ve no time B. I’d rather not
like it D. I’d be happy to
41.The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but
his mother told him ______ .
A. not to B. not to do C. not do
it D. do not to
42. If I had ______, I’d visit Europe, stopping at all
the small interesting places.
a long enough holiday B.
an enough long holiday
a holiday enough long D.
a long holiday enough
43. ________ to take this adventure course will certainly
learn a lot of useful skills.
Brave enough students B.
Enough brave students
Students brave enough D.
Students enough brave
44.He asked _____ for the violin.
did I pay how much B.
I paid how much
how much did I pay D.
how much I paid
45.Someone is ringing the doorbell. Go and see
A. who is he B. who he is
is it D. who it is
46. He is said to ______ to his country because a new
president comes into power.
A. be allowed to return B. allow to return
C. allow returning D. be allowed returning
47. He sent me an e-mail, ______ to get further
A. hoped B. hoping C. to
hope D. hope
48.Computers can’t completely _____ humans.
A. instead B. instead of C.
take place D. take the place of
49.We couldn’t eat in a restaurant because ______ of us
had any money on us.
A. every one B. none C.
nobody D. no one
50.Can you make sure ______ the gold ring?
where Alice has put B.
where had Alice put
where Alice had put D.
where has Alice put